Tag: novel writing

This is Why Objects Can Play a Fundamental Role in Your Story

This is Why Objects Can Play a Fundamental Role in Your Story

Objects in a story have fundamental importance. Sometimes they can be magical objects, other objects that resolve a situation, or objects that bring back a memory.

In general, objects can help you to develop your novel. We are talking about these objects and their role in this new post.

Why can Objects develop your novel?

Objects help the writer develop the narrative and are often essential to the story.
A storyteller can tell about magical objects, such as a wand. They can also introduce into the story a map, from which the whole narrative starts, a gun or a watch.

Many stories have started with a simple object. Think of Michael Ende‘s The Neverending Story. The book, read by Bastian, a ten-year-old boy, is the engine of the whole story.
In the “Harry Potter” saga by J.K. Rowling, the magic wand is just as important. It is the wand that allows the wizards of the Hogwarts world to do magic and the same wand is also the element that leads to the conclusion of the entire story.

Are objects ‘only’ objects?

Objects are never just objects. They are a door that opens to free our emotions. They are material things that contain the memories of a part, even a tiny part, of us and our experiences.

Objects tell stories. They can hide tales of hate and love, encounters, and experiences. Objects open up rooms of our memory. When you choose an object to tell a fragment of your personal story or character, you are already making a preliminary selection. Often you pick objects that you like to insert into the narrative.

Which objects can develop your novel?

It all depends on the type of story. If it is a story with magical elements, you can choose an object evocative of the supernatural world, such as a wand, a jewel, or a compass.

If, on the other hand, you are telling an adventure story, a map or a book is the right thing for you.
Don’t discard objects you don’t like or have never used. They also tell something about you as an author and can be helpful to know about the characters in the story and give more detail to the narrative.

bibisco helps to keep track of all the objects

The difficult part seems to be choosing the objects to be included in a narrative. On the contrary, this is the easiest. The tricky part is keeping track of all the objects inserted to give each one a role and its importance.
No object must be forgotten during the narrative. The risk is to confuse the reader or to leave something unfinished.
Thanks to bibisco and its innovative writing software, you can keep track of all the objects you include in your narrative. You will then have a clearer idea of which objects to include, how many, at what point in the story, and what role to give to that particular object.

bibisco's objects section | This is Why Objects Can Play a Fundamental Role in Your Story
bibisco’s objects section


Objects are material things that allow the writer to start a narrative, evoke memories, or even conclude a story thanks to the critical role of one or more objects. This is why objects can play a fundamental role in your story.
You have to pay attention to what you decide to insert and the order in which you do it, and not lose track of the objects while the narrative.

Do You Know The Difference Between Fabula And Plot?

Do You Know The Difference Between Fabula And Plot?

Two fundamental elements of any story are the fabula and the plot.
Without these two elements, it is not possible to create a narrative. It is from here, therefore, that every writer starts to construct their narrative.

What are the Fabula and Plot?

The fabula is the narration of the events in the order of their logical-temporal sequence.

It is, therefore, clear that the fabula is a fact; it represents what happens (and things happen in chronological order, causes before effects).

An example of a fabula is the Divine Comedy. Dante‘s journey is essentially linear. Each stage is necessary to access the next scenario and set the events in the correct chronological order.

On the other side, there is the plot. The plot is when the author can establish how the individual events of the story are to take place. In other words, it is the mode we choose to narrate the facts.

The author is, therefore, free to choose which way to tell the facts.

There are different types of plot

  • resolution plot: the transformative action concludes a concrete crisis (a meeting, a marriage, …);
  • revelation plot: the characters carry out a revelation process, increasing their knowledge or consciousness.
  • unified plot: in which the plot unfolds over successive, closely connected episodes;
  • episodic plot: individual episodes present weak links to one another while carrying a single narrative corpus.

Plot and fabula: where to start?

Some writers prefer to start and define the fabula and then concentrate on the plot. This allows them first to define the events and then think about how to present them to the reader.

In other cases, on the contrary, fabula and plot do not coincide. To make stories more compelling and exciting, authors often disregard the chronological order of the fabula and construct the plot of their texts with time lags.

Two narrative techniques allow you to reverse the story’s events: analepsis and prolepsis.

  • The analepsis (or flashback or retrospection) consists of a jump back in time, whereby what happened previously is recounted.
  • The prolepsis (or flashforward or anticipation) is the opposite technique to flashback, which consists of a leap forward in time, whereby one anticipates what will happen in the future.

When the plot does not coincide with the fabula, it is up to the reader to reconstruct the chronological order of events after reading through an operation of personal abstraction. By reading the story, they will mentally put the pieces back together, restoring their logical-chronological succession.

bibisco can help you to choose the fabula and the plot

As anticipated, the fabula and the plot are among the two main elements to think about before creating a narrative.
However, the writer has the choice of whether to create a coherence of events or not.
bibisco, thanks to its innovative writing software, helps you in this difficult choice and to identify the events of the fabula so that you can present them in the plot without the risk of forgetting something or confusing the reader.

Dramaturgy Series #6: Fabula and plot- bibisco's architecture of the novel & narrative strands - bibisco blog | useful resources by your novel writing software


When you want to start writing a novel, you should avoid writing without an outline, not knowing the events you want to include in the narrative.

Each author has the freedom to choose the order to present the events narrated in their text: they can describe the events scrupulously following their chronological order, or they can decide to anticipate certain future events or explain past events.

In short, he can organize the succession of their narrative by playing with fabula and plot.

What Is The Story’s Premise? It Is The Safe Compass That Will Guide Your Narrative Into Port

What Is The Story’s Premise? It Is The Safe Compass That Will Guide Your Narrative Into Port

There is a crucial part of writing a novel besides character creation and narrative techniques. It is about the premise.

The premise is a fundamental element of the narrative that should not be overlooked because it represents the compass that guides the narration for the writers.
Let us see what it is about in detail.

What is the premise?

In simple terms, the premise contains the entire novel in just one sentence: conflict and its resolution. The premise is your guide when you write your book: the conclusion must start from conflict.

It is the soul of the story. It is the premise we give ourselves in working out the different scenes, not something the reader/viewer knows beforehand. A common thread of the story to design it better.

How to write the premise?

The greatest difficulty in creating a premise lies in understanding that it is impossible to notice where the premise ends and where stories and characters begin in a well-written story.

No one part must override the others; the whole must blend harmonically.
The premise must be honest, transparent, and forthright.
The premise should be formulated with the “Theme-Conflict-Result” structure. It is essential that the premise be expressed with a cause-and-effect formula and should be constructed according to these three elements, of which the first should suggest the protagonist (i.e., something inherent in his fatal flaw or winning endowment), the second should present a possible conflict, and the third should tell us the outcome.

Premise: some examples

Let us give some well-known examples to understand the premise better.

Let us think of “The Godfather“, a film by Francis Ford Coppola. The film’s premise is “The Godfather: Loyalty to one’s family leads to a life of crime.

On the other hand, Romeo and Juliet’s premise is “Romeo and Juliet: great love conquers even death.

While again, to stay with Shakespeare, Macbeth‘s premise is “ruthless ambition leads to self-destruction.”

Moral of the story and premise: What is the difference?

The premise is not something rationally provable, but it is what the author will argue implicitly throughout the story.

That is why the premise must be something you believe in or have believed in the past long enough to be full of ideas, situations, reflections, and nuances to deal with so that it flows naturally from you.

The moral is what a story might teach us.

The narrative premise, on the other hand, is what the writer wants to demonstrate with their story.

Often the premise is not something you decide at the table before you begin, but something you discover as you design the story, when situations and characters marked by your stylistic fingerprint start to suggest what the story will be about deep down. You may even fully understand your premise only after the first draft.

A princess’s life is in danger and a young man uses his warrior skills to save her and thus defeat the evil force represented by the Galactic Empire.

Star Wars premise

Write your premise with the help of bibisco

Have you ever thought about using an innovative tool that could give you a hand in creating your narrative without making you miss the steps?

bibisco's premise section - What Is The Story's Premise? It Is The Safe Compass That Will Guide Your Narrative Into Port. | bibisco blog useful resources from your novel writing software
bibisco’s premise section

bibisco, with its innovative writing software, can help you with that. Discover this innovative tool’s functions that facilitate you while writing your novel and even your premise.


The premise may sound cliché or a silly little phrase, but it is the element that sums up a good story and hundreds of other similar stories. The whole story must serve the premise, with carefully chosen scenes to support it. The premise makes that series of scenes a unique and coherent story.

Therefore, the premise must be correct, transparent, and truthful so as not to confuse readers while reading the novel and confuse them.

How To Exploit The Power Of Five-sense Descriptions To Create Engaging Stories

How To Exploit The Power Of Five-sense Descriptions To Create Engaging Stories

Often when people talk about starting to write a story, they immediately think about the description of the characters, the events, and the story. We have told a lot about this in our ‘dramaturgy series‘.

Writing an engaging story, however, also involves the talent to evoke emotions through the five-sense descriptions. But how does that work?

What are five-sense descriptions?

A good author must know how to stimulate readers by describing the five senses. Sound, music, images, aromas, and flavors must be present in an engaging story.
Sight and hearing are perhaps the easiest senses to describe. A more difficult task concerns the description of touch, smell, and taste.

How to use the five-sense descriptions in a narrative?

The brain works on impulses of action and reaction. Each action introduced, therefore, corresponds to a reaction.

An author has to learn how to communicate at a distance with the audience, thus using the right words that introduce a specific action and trigger the subsequent reaction. That is why adjectives are essential.

Think about what your brain suggests as you read these words

  • Acrid
  • Pungent
  • Ice cream
  • Torrid
  • Fetid

Similarly, verbs are also valuable helpers.

The trick is to try to describe the sense as minutely as possible.

How can you learn to describe the five senses?

An author who knows how to describe is an author who knows how to observe.

Often, authors fail to include compelling descriptions in their texts because they do not have a clear idea of what they are describing or do not have sufficient linguistic mastery. In these cases, the scenes remain bare, and the characters are not given much depth. The vocabulary used is poor or trivial, and the same expressions are repeated over and over again.

Finally, one has to work hard on one’s vocabulary to enrich it with as many synonyms, adjectives, and verbs as possible.

Examples from fiction: the use of the five sense descriptions

Even in movies, the description of the five senses is fundamental. It’s easy as far as sight and hearing are concerned, but what about the rest?
Think of the film ‘Chocolat‘ with Johnny Depp and Juliette Binoche. The chocolate preparation scenes are shown with infinite care. At the film’s end, you almost want to make yourself a nice cup of chocolate.
Even in Disney’s famous hit ‘Ratatouille‘, the mouse chef is shown intent on cooking. The sound study was so careful and detailed that it made your mouth water.

Don’t tell me the moon is shining; show me the glint of light on broken glass.

Anton Chekhov

Use bibisco to choose the correct words

bibisco comes with innovative writing software that lets you keep track of the words you want to use to describe the five senses. You can also create an outline so that you don’t lose the thread of the descriptions and risk repeating yourself in the story.

How To Exploit The Power Of Five-sense Descriptions To Create Engaging Stories -  bibisco's main character section - bibisco blog | useful resources by your novel writing software


In this article, we learned how to exploit the power of five-sense descriptions to create engaging stories: it allows you to reach out to your readers and get them involved.
However, you must have a good vocabulary and learn to observe and use synonyms. In this, bibisco supports you and helps you during the writing of your novel!

Why Is The Novel’s Setting Essential To Craft A Story That Your Readers Will Love

Why Is The Novel’s Setting Essential To Craft A Story That Your Readers Will Love

Each story takes place in a specific place at a specific time. The characters move in that environment and are profoundly influenced by it: in the way they behave, speak, and think.

This is why is the novel’s setting essential to craft a story that your readers will love.

What is the setting of a story?

The setting of a story is the context, the environment that provides the backdrop for the story’s events.
It includes customs, traditions, costumes, and expressions that depend on geographical location and change over the years.

Something that may fit in Europe may not be told in Asia or must be slightly modified for America.

Similarly, what was accepted in 2010 in a metropolis like New York, could be considered outrageous in 1800 in a small town in the United States.

The setting is what varies over the years and centuries, and the author must pay close attention to.

Why pay attention to the setting?

In a previous article, we talked about “Magical realism“. This narrative technique allows you to introduce magical objects in a real context. A narrative device like this fascinates the readers so that they accept it almost as if that object were part of everyday reality.

Unlike this, however, an incorrect setting does not engage the reader. On the contrary, it risks confusing and even irritating him.

Inserting customs and current expressions into a 500-year-old setting seems more like a mistake than a narrative technique. In these cases, it appears that the author has not thought carefully about the setting and everything that characterizes it.

Whoever reads a story is predisposed to believe what is told in it, even if it is a fantasy story. In the narrative jargon, this is the “suspension of disbelief“. It is that glimmer of doubt inherent in the reader that opens when you tell something totally inconsistent.

Setting equals trust

If you don’t want to lose this trust that the reader is giving to your novel, you have to write a coherent story.

For example, if you tell a detective story set in the nineteenth century, you can’t solve the case with DNA analysis.

In the same way, if your main character is a street kid, you can’t make him express himself as an academic.

When the readers read, they become immersed in the story as if in a dream and let go.

Reading, however, of inconsistent elements you don’t explain in the story causes accidents that awaken your reader from the enchantment of reading and alienate him.

In fact, while we read a novel, we are insane – bonkers. we believe in the existence of people who aren’t there, we hear their voices, we watch the battle of Borodino with them, we may even become Napoleon. Sanity returns (in most cases) when the book is closed.

Ursula K. Le Guin

bibisco: an essential tool for your setting

As you’ve seen, it’s not easy to figure out the setting of your novel. On the contrary, doing it is crucial for so many reasons.
bibisco, thanks to its innovative novel writing software, helps you understand your novel’s setting. In this way, the author identifies the expressions and traditions to describe and include in the characters’ dialogues.

bibisco's setting section - The novel's setting is essential to craft a story that your readers will love -
bibisco’s setting section


Defining the setting, understanding it, and applying it correctly are essential to crafting a story that your readers will love.
Everything you include in your story must be consistent with the setting to avoid confusing readers but engage them in a coherent, linear, deep narrative.

What are the 12 Jungian archetypes?

What are the 12 Jungian archetypes?

In one of our previous series, we dealt with Campbell’s archetypes. In this article on Narrative Theory, we discuss the 12 Jungian archetypes, facets of the personality that reside within each of us and that show up at different times in our lives.

What are the 12 Jungian archetypes?

Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst. While in his studies on personality and the individual, he defined several theories.
According to one of these, each of us is born with a primitive model linked to the unconscious. This model, which derives from thousands of years of experience with mankind, is only a starting point on which to build our personality and character.

What does it mean, ‘archetype‘? In Greek, the word ‘arché‘ means original, while ‘típos‘ means model.

In other words, the archetype is therefore the model on which we interpret the surrounding things, the events, and situations in our lives. It is, in simple terms, the basis of our behavior.

12 Jungian archetypes in narrative theory: why?

What do psychoanalysis and Jungian archetypes have to do with writing a story?
These archetypes can be the basis for defining the characters in a narrative.

Jung defined a total of twelve. Each archetype captures a facet of the personality and includes different strengths and weaknesses. These are equally important for emerging goals (more related to the merits) and fears (directly related to the flaws).

The 12 Jungian archetypes

The Innocent

This is our trusting part that comes from the sense of love that parents pass on to each other. It is characterized by happiness and light-heartedness. A character with this archetype often lives in their own world. Among their faults, however, is that of denying problems to avoid confrontation.

The Explorer

This archetype represents abandonment. The Explorer has developed a strong practical sense and is very independent. However, the Explorer is cynical and distrustful of those around them and fears betrayal.

The Hero

The hero is the archetype of the character who acts as a leader, leads the secondary characters, and often is the story’s protagonist. This part of the personality is strong and courageous. On the other hand, their defect is the desire to appear invincible. This archetype takes any situation as a challenge.

The Caregiver

This model contrasts with that of the Innocent. Its characteristic is generosity and compassion. It is represented by the character who acts as a sidekick to the protagonist. Therefore, without the Caregiver, the main character would not be able to complete their mission. Their defect? It is precisely this excessive altruism that also leads to exploiting others.

The Sage

According to Jung, this archetype has an ancestral value, linked to the time when in the tribes, the elders suggested to the young people to listen to the older ones.
The Sage is the character who helps the protagonist by making them aware of what awaits them in the near future. The Sage is a wise figure. Their characteristic is wisdom. Too much caution, however, risks creating immobility and preventing the character from acting. This is their defect.

The Jester

The Jester is a funny character who lightens the narrative and the events that the protagonist has to face. All stories have a character with this archetype. The Jester brings a smile to the reader’s face and is who people usually fall in love with because they are likable. Their strengths are sympathy and joy. Their defect, however, is their inability to take things seriously.

The Magician

This particular archetype is very similar to the Mentor in some ways. Thanks to their inquisitive nature, they know many things and can help the protagonist in the same way as the Mentor.
Unlike the Mentor, however, the Magician tries to convince everyone of their theories. Their defect is the tendency to manipulate people and their dishonesty.

The Ruler

This is the archetype of the leader. The Ruler is a character with charisma, a desire to excel over others, and loves maintaining order and precision. However, this archetype is also very suspicious and incapable of delegating precisely because they like to keep control directly.

The Outlaw

Often, the Outlaw is represented by the main character of the story. They are characterized by strong initiative, independence, and perseverance. This is the one who loves to fight to change things. Likewise, their will to change, if not restrained, can turn into an excessive force that leads to significant consequences for all characters.

The Lover

This is the character who believes in love and fights for love. Love is precisely the force that motivates them and drives them forward in the narrative. The strong point is Lover’s devotion toward the people they care about. However, the Lover loves so much and sometimes is melodramatic, even willing to sacrifice their own life or freedom.

The Creator

The archetype of the Creator is present in the one who creates, who sees a world different from what others see. The Creator is an inventor, someone who creates the narrative. The archetype of the Creator is a non-conformist, motivated by trying to express themself. Creativity is their strength but without great practical skills.

The Everyman

The Everyman is a good character who likes to relate and be in the company of others. Empathy, support, and realism are the characteristics. However, the Everyman doesn’t believe in themself and, in some extreme situations, prefers to isolate themself rather than feel like a burden.

“Archetypes are typical modes of apperception, and whenever we observe constant and regularly recurring modes of apperception, it means that we are dealing with an archetype, regardless of whether its mythological character is recognised or not.”

Carl Gustav Jung

bibisco can define your character’s archetypes

Defining the archetypes and thus the characters’ personalities in a narrative are far from a simple task. The writing software of bibisco helps you to define your characters and their archetype to create their character. To sum up, their actions will thus be linked to the archetype that is theirs.

bibisco's main character section - What are the 12 Jungian archetypes?
bibisco’s main character section


In conclusion, according to Jung, every personality is conditioned by a primordial pattern of behavior, the archetype. This pattern conditions the behavior of the characters in a narrative.
Each archetype has strengths and weaknesses that lead the character to act differently.

Why It’s So Important To Choose Your Characters’ Names Wisely

Why It’s So Important To Choose Your Characters’ Names Wisely

When you start writing a story, you think about the plot and the characters. One of the first things you write about is the character’s name.
What are the steps for choosing a character’s name? The name represents the character and should not be selected too hastily and superficially. It is as important as the behavior’s character itself. For this reason, we suggest you some important Narrative Tips for choosing wisely your character’s name.

Why choose wisely your characters’ names?

When you decide on a character’s name, you create their personal history, including their origins and geographical affiliation.

Sometimes, the writers choose a name that they initially decide to change because it no longer reflects the characters as they were originally born.

Therefore, it is good to think about the name of the character before starting to write the story.

How to choose a character name?

To choose the character name there are significant tips to follow.

First of all, we have to identify the setting of the story.
In which historical period does your narration take place? Do you want to set your story in the real or in the imaginary one?

You can think of a name based on the setting of your story. Therefore, the first step is to do thorough research according to the world you decide to describe.

Every era has its name. Likewise, in every world. If you choose to describe an imaginary world, you can use an invented name that suggests that the world does not really exist. The name of the character must therefore also be consistent with the setting described.

Characteristics of your character name

There are some characteristics of your character name you have to consider:

  • pronounceability
  • uniqueness
  • musicality
  • adaptability
  • brevity


A name must be easily remembered. Otherwise, the reader may have difficulty identifying the various characters during the reading. The name of your characters, especially that of the main character, must be easy to read and pronounce.


Each character must have a different name. Just imagine if you told about two different characters with the same name. You would have to introduce a descriptive element each time to distinguish them. In any case, it would create a lot of confusion for the reader.

Above all, the protagonists’ names must stand out above the others so that the reader remembers them even after they have finished reading your story.
For this, you can also associate a surname with the first name so that it retains the characteristic of uniqueness. For example, there is only one Harry Potter.


This feature is important because it makes the name catchy, and simple. It has to center on the context of the story and therefore, as anticipated, on the setting of the narrative.


The name must fit the character. It is a bit like a specially sewn dress. It should reflect the character’s character and temperament.


Names that are too long are difficult to remember and sometimes even to pronounce. Let us return to the characteristic of pronounceability. A name has to be short and catchy. Names that are too long are difficult to remember and sometimes even to pronounce.
If you are attracted by a long name and it reflects your character, consider thinking of a diminutive with which you can speak about your character.
For example, in the novel Mark Twain, Huckleberry Finn was only called Huck during the story.

Some help to choose your characters’ name: bibisco

In addition to the tips we have described in this article, you can also use bibisco and its innovative novel writing software to choose your characters’ names.
With this cutting-edge tool, you can create your characters, determine their physical and psychological characteristics and create a name for them.

Why It's So Important To Choose Your Characters' Names Wisely: bibisco's Characters' section - bibisco blog | useful resources by your novel writing software
bibisco’s character section


One might think that the choice of a name is among the easiest parts of writing a story, and among the first steps. The name of the characters is a very important element because it allows the reader to remember the protagonists. There are some essential tips to follow when choosing the perfect name for the main characters in your story.

4 Ways to Maintain Story Tension

4 Ways to Maintain Story Tension

When you write a story, the real difficulty is to capture the readers’ attention and keep going with it. In this article on the Narrative Theory, we explain how to maintain the story tension.

What is the story tension?

The story tension is helpful to keep the reader glued to the pages. It is that feeling of involvement that leads the reader to continue reading. When a narration is thrilling and captivating, the reader can’t wait to know how the story ends and is encouraged to go to the last pages. It also has to do with the climax, a tension that builds to a climax.

According to the American writer Jerry B.Jenkins, There are four main ways to maintain the story tension.

1) Create a conflict in which characters are involved

This is the first way to keep up the tension in a narration.

Before you start writing, you should already have an idea of the story, the characters, and what’s going to happen. Creating an event, a conflict, that your characters must overcome is a trick to capture the reader’s attention and keep them engaged.
Over the course of the story, the reader becomes attached to the characters and needs to know how they will overcome and deal with the conflict.
Therefore, the conflict can be an internal difficulty for the character, a breakup with another character in the story, or finally, an external situation. The key thing is that the conflict threatens the main purpose your protagonists are fighting for or someone they care about.

2) Create a various flows of tension

However, creating tension does not mean writing about an event that one after the other causes endless twists and turns. This would have a counterproductive effect on the reader’s attention. It would confuse them and risk boring them with exaggerated suspense.
Instead, the best way is to create a varied flow of tension, with quieter moments and moments of high tension. In this way, there will be moments in the narrative where the readers will hold their breath and others where they can relax.

3) Raise the expectations and the risk

If the character, or characters, managed to deal with all the difficulties right away, it would be hardly believable. Also, the tension would be gone in a very short time. Instead, what keeps it high is seeing the protagonist’s many attempts to get to their goal.
In the narrative, it is also nice that there is a moral: keep trying, even failing, until you reach your goal. So the third way to keep the tension going is to show the path that the characters follow, with victories and failures, until the story’s conclusion.

4) Create some curiosity

The fourth and final way, perhaps the most important way, is to maintain the reader’s curiosity. When you create an event that triggers the feeling of tension, you also need to talk about something that interests the reader and piques their curiosity.

Use bibisco to sort out your ideas

There are four effective ways to maintain tension in a narrative as we’ve listed. However, it is essential to have certain elements in mind, such as the characters, the relationships between them, and the story’s purpose.
bibisco and its innovative book writing software allow you to rearrange the ideas to start writing the story. You can then create the proper focus and maintain the necessary tension to glue your reader to the story.

4 Ways to Maintain Story Tension - bibisco's timeline- bibisco blog | useful resources by your novel writing software
bibisco’s timeline


Creating tension in a narrative can be simple once you’ve thought of a story. Maintaining that tension, however, is less straightforward. There are four ways you can use it to do just that and make your story a best seller!

Perspective Series: #11 Magical realism

Perspective Series: #11 Magical realism

Have you ever read a description of the real world embellished with magical, enchanted details? If the answer is yes, you’ve stumbled upon what writers call Magical realism. It is this Magical realism that we talk about in this article of the perspective series.

What is Magical realism?

This perspective narration was born first in figurative language than written language. It was a device used as early as the 1920s to make real-world photographs magical. Thus, urban backgrounds were depicted with a music box, a magic lamp, a magician’s wand, or any other detail that could distract the viewer’s gaze from everyday reality and make him focus on the magical element.

Some examples of Magical realism in narration

It seems that magical realism in literature began to spread later, particularly after the mid-1900s. One of the first to use it was Gabriel Garcia Marquez. His work, “One Hundred Years of Solitude”, described the vicissitudes of a well-to-do Colombian family by inserting magical elements such as local beliefs and tales of superstition.

Even in Italy, we had an author who extensively used this perspective technique, Dino Buzzati. In many of his stories appear magical and enchanted objects.
When reading “The bewitched jacket”, the reader does not ask himself why there is a magical jacket but accepts its presence in everyday reality as it could be his own and follows the story with attention. One forgets that the whole story revolves around elements that do not exist.

Magical realism: what is it all about?

Magical realism aims to bring the reader into a world other than the everyday. The magical elements, which are intertwined with the real world, are described so carefully and naturally that the reader accepts them without asking too many questions. The initial reaction is one of amazement and estrangement. What is a magic lamp doing in the desert? But as the story continues, these objects become a part of the narrative reality that they seem almost real and natural.

Characteristics of Magical realism

One of the first features of this perspective is that it distorts time.
The author manipulates it, reverses it, and no longer has a timeline. Similarly, the cause-and-effect binomial no longer exists. Some events can happen before their cause.
Then, of course, the presence of at least one magical element is crucial.
Legends, folk beliefs, spirits, and animate objects, become part of the narrative naturally.

I couldn’t tell if I was living in a dream, if I was happy or if I was suffocating under the weight of a fatality that was too great. On the street, through the raincoat, I was constantly groping at the magical pocket. Each time I breathed with relief. Under the fabric, the comforting crunch of paper money answered.

Dino Buzzati- The bewitched jacket

Magical realism: when to use it?

To decide what style to give your narrative and whether to use Magical realism, bibisco can help you.
Thanks to its innovative book writing software, you can easily figure out what story to write, how to describe your characters, what narrative technique to use, and even keep track of all the magical objects you decide to include in your story.

Perspective Series- Magical realism- bibisco's object section - bibisco blog | useful resources by your novel writing software
bibisco’s object section


Magical realism is a narrative perspective that the author can use to create a different narrative from the usual while keeping the real world as the setting.
It is the magical objects, the details, and the outline of the story that is enchanted. And it is these same details that draw the reader into the story, accepting the existence of magical objects in the real world.

Perspective Series: #10 Defamiliarization

Perspective Series: #10 Defamiliarization

In the Perspective Series, we saw different narrative techniques that show how a narrator can tell a story from several perspectives and different points of view. What we will discuss in this article is another Perspective that is the Defamiliarization, a concept that comes from Russian literature.

What is the Perspective of the Defamiliarization?

Defamiliarisation, or alienation, is a new perspective to view something in a different new way. In this way, this technique changes the everyday perception of that particular object.

By the early 20th-century, the Russian literary critic Viktor Shklovsky in his ‘Art as Technique’, coined this term.

To fully understand Defamiliarization, we have to understand that notion from a Russian point of view. For Russian formalists, literary language is essentially different from any other language because, unlike the latter, it has no practical function.

Literature is a language that simply serves to make us see things through different eyes. Moreover, it succeeds in doing so thanks to precise stylistic and structural techniques.

The Russian writer explains, in fact, how Defamiliarization uses language in such a way that ordinary and familiar objects appear different from what they actually are.
When using this perspective, Literary language is a distorted and alienated everyday language.

Why is the Defamiliarization important?

According to Shklovsky, using this perspective and a different language allows for a new and fresh description of the same object. It leads the reader to be surprised by something that he now considers to be habitual. Moreover, the reader can think about this new reality.

If a story simply talks about hills, this image will not materialize in the reader’s mind.
However, the hills acquire a new image by adding details and changing perspective.
They become green, sinuous hills, from which a farmhouse can be reached by a dirt road. Can you see them now in your mind?

Perspectives like Defamiliarization through bibisco

Bibisco aims to help you write a novel that represents you. It allows you to gain an appealing style without losing sight of your writing style.
bibisco is an innovative novel writing software that helps you set up your story, creating the characters, plot, and events. After that, you can focus on the narrative techniques and different perspectives you can use to make your story unique.

Perspective Series- Defamiliarization- bibisco's characters' section - bibisco blog | useful resources by your novel writing software
Character’s events section


Defamiliarization is a concept that comes from Russian literature. In particular, according to Russian writers, people tend to become accustomed to images of everyday objects. Therefore, they store them as habitual. Defamiliarisation allows the reader to see the same objects from a new perspective and be amazed again.