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Third Person Limited Narration Technique Explained

When it comes to storytelling, a crucial decision for authors is choosing the narrative perspective with which they want to present their story.

One of the most popular techniques used in literature is the third-person limited narration. In this article, I will delve into the third-person limited point of view, its characteristics, advantages, and how to employ this technique in your writing effectively.

What is the third-person limited narration?

The third-person limited point of view is a narrative technique where the story is told from the perspective of a single character.

Unlike the omniscient point of view, which provides insights into the thoughts and feelings of multiple characters, the third-person limited narrator focuses solely on the experiences and perceptions of the chosen character. This allows the reader to intimately connect with the protagonist and delve deeper into their psyche.


What is Third Person Limited?

Third person limited, in narrative, is a perspective where the story is told by an external narrator who focuses on the thoughts, feelings, and experiences of a single character. Unlike omniscient third person, which provides insights into multiple characters, third person limited provides a closer and more intimate view of one character’s perspective while maintaining some narrative distance from others. This narrative mode allows readers to connect deeply with the chosen character while still offering some objectivity.

Characteristics of a Limited Narrator

A limited third-person narrator possesses distinct characteristics that set them apart from other narrative perspectives.

The limited narrator only has access to the thoughts and emotions of the chosen character. This creates a sense of mystery and suspense, as the reader can only interpret events through the limited lens of the protagonist.

Moreover, a limited narrator typically uses third-person pronouns such as “he,” “she,” or the character’s name. This distinguishes it from the first person point of view, where the narrator uses “I” to convey their personal experiences. The third-person limited point of view offers a broader scope, allowing the reader to gain insights into the world beyond the protagonist’s immediate thoughts and actions.

Types of Third-person limited narration

There are two types of Third-person limited narration, based on the point of view used.

  • Subjective point of view. This narrative structure is most similar to first-person narration. The protagonist tells the facts exclusively from his point of view. The difference with first-person narration is that the narrator tells the events in the third person.
  • Objective point of view. The characteristic of this particular perspective is objectivity. The protagonist narrates the story’s events exactly as he perceives them through his senses. Therefore, the narrator leaves out the thoughts and feelings in the narration.

Advantages of using Third Person Limited narration

The 3rd person-limited narration technique offers several advantages for both authors and readers.

Authors can deeply explore their motivations, fears, and growth throughout the story by focusing on a single character. This creates a more intimate and emotional connection between the reader and the protagonist.

The third-person limited point of view allows readers to become fully immersed in the character’s journey. They can empathize with the protagonist’s struggles, share their triumphs, and experience the story through their eyes. This narrative technique keeps readers engaged and invested in the outcome.

How to Write in Third Person Limited Point of View

Here are some tips to effectively write in the third person limited point of view.

  • Establish a strong connection between the reader and the chosen character. Introduce the character’s thoughts, emotions, and motivations early on. Show their unique perspective and provide glimpses into their internal struggles. This will create a bond between the reader and the protagonist, enhancing their engagement with the story.
  • Be mindful of the language used. Utilize third-person pronouns consistently, ensuring a clear distinction from the first-person point of view. Maintain a balance between the character’s perspective and the external events unfolding in the story, providing enough context for the reader to understand the broader picture.
  • Avoid too many changes of perspective. Within the same chapter or scene, be careful not to tell events from the point of view of one protagonist and then switch to another without explaining anything. This disorients the readers. To avoid this disorientation, adopt some formatting tricks. For example, separating the two narratives of the two different ‘limited’ characters with a line spacing.
  • Avoid slipping into the omniscient point of view. Don’t reveal information that the chosen character would not know. Maintaining consistency and presenting information from a limited perspective is essential. In the description of places, limit to tell what the character sees and smells without adding anything else the narrator would not see or hear with their senses.
  • Don’t neglect the development of secondary characters. While the third-person limited point of view focuses predominantly on the protagonist, it is vital to give depth and complexity to supporting characters as well. This adds richness to the narrative and allows for more dynamic interactions and relationships.

“Robert Jordan trusted the man, Anselm So far, in everything but judgement, he had not yet had the opportunity to test his judgement and, in any case, judgement was his responsibility. “

For whom the Bells Tolls – Ernest Hemingway

Examples of Third Person Limited narration in literature

Let’s explore some examples from renowned literary works to better understand the application of the third-person limited point of view.

In J.K. Rowling‘s “Harry Potter” series, the story unfolds primarily through Harry’s perspective. We gain insight into his emotions, thoughts, and experiences while being aware of events beyond his immediate perception. This limited viewpoint allows readers to grow alongside Harry as he navigates the wizarding world.

Another example can be found in Harper Lee‘s “To Kill a Mockingbird.” The story is narrated through the eyes of Scout Finch, a young girl living in a racially divided town. Through Scout’s limited perspective, the reader witnesses the injustices and prejudices of the time while also witnessing Scout’s personal growth and understanding of the world around her.

Mastering Third Person Limited Narration with bibisco

With bibisco novel writing software, you can utilize the Third Person Limited Narration technique to delve deep into the perspectives of your characters while maintaining narrative control.

The software’s character development tools allow you to intricately craft each character’s thoughts, emotions, and experiences, ensuring their unique viewpoints shine through in the narrative.

Additionally, bibisco’s scene and timeline organization features empower you to structure your story effectively, guiding readers through the intricate web of perspectives with clarity and precision.

bibisco's character development tools - third person limited
bibisco’s character development tools

Whether exploring the inner workings of a single character or navigating multiple viewpoints, bibisco provides the flexibility and functionality to bring your Third Person Limited Narration to life.


The third-person limited narration technique is a powerful tool that allows authors to intimately connect readers with their characters.

By immersing the reader in the protagonist’s thoughts and experiences, this technique creates engaging and emotionally impactful storytelling.

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